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Phytase can counteract amino acid reductions

Superdosing phytase in broiler diets.

‘Superdosing’, the practice of using high doses of phytase to target phytate destruction, can serve to recover broiler performance losses associated with reductions in dietary digestible amino acid densities. This was the finding of a new research study from Texas A&M University and AB Vista. 

Balance

The study investigated impact on body weight, breast meat yield and feed conversion ratio (FCR) in male Cobb broilers across 44 days. Dr Craig Wyatt, North America Technical Manager from AB Vista explains the rationale behind the experiment: “In an increasingly challenging environment, producers and nutritionists are looking to maximise returns. Any financial gains must naturally be balanced against related performance losses. Reducing digestible amino acid density in diets can lower costs,  but with this comes losses in yield and body weight.”

“We formulated this study in order to help establish whether adding superdoses of phytase could help reduce diet cost, thus enabling producers to reduce digestible amino acid density without impacting key performance markers.”

Experiment

The experimental design involved three levels of AB Vista’s Quantum Blue phytase (500, 1,500, and 3,000 FTU/kg) and three dietary digestible amino acid (dAA) densities: a control at 100% of breeder-recommended levels, and isocaloric diets at 95% and 90% of control levels respectively.

Results confirmed that lower dAA levels resulted in poorer performance, with the two reduced-density diets yielding a 3.1 point FCR increase, and reductions of 78g and 27g across body and breast weight respectively.  

In contrast, increasing phytase was shown to improve performance: the higher levels of phytase increased body weight at day 18. However, 3,000 FTU/kg was needed to deliver a significant increase on day 44.

Similarly, both higher levels of phytase improved FCR in the starter phase. The 3,000 FTU/kg however was needed to decrease FCR in later phases and from day 1 to 44. In the case of breast yield, 1,500 FTU/kg was sufficient to increase yield, compared to the 500 FTU/kg.

Improvement

Dr Wyatt concludes that the demonstrated link between higher inclusions of phytase and performance improvements in reduced dAA density diets is encouraging for anyone concerned about the impact of restricted dAA levels. “We plan to conduct additional studies to investigate specific modes of action, as well as to further explore the interaction between phytase and dAAs.”

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