The tightening of global protein supplies is creating uncertainty for producers and the feed industry alike as to where protein supply will come from. Alltech has released data from a new meta-analysis for ruminants that shows the protein supply can be aligned with goals of reducing carbon footprint using Optigen.
The results of a Alltech meta-analyse showed that Optigen, a non-protein nitrogen ingredient, can replace vegetable protein sources. Using this ingredient helps dairy and beef producers to simultaneously to improve animal performance, reduce their carbon footprint and increase profitability. The new data from the meta-analysis examining the effects of Optigen supplementation in dairy cows is based on the results of 17 studies carried out in six different countries. The beef study was based on the results of 17 studies carried out in nine different countries.
“The responsible sourcing of protein for animal feeds is a crucial global issue in the livestock supply chain. The use of plant protein sources in animal diets can be restricted based on availability, price volatility and associated environmental impact,” said Dr. Saheed Salami, research fellow at Alltech.
“These meta-analysis studies have confirmed that Optigen is a viable substitute for plant protein sources in ruminant rations, resulting in improved feed efficiency, profitability and environmental sustainability for dairy and beef production.”
The use of Optigen in dairy diets resulted in a carbon savings of around 54 g of CO2-eq/kg milk. “When extrapolated to the annual milk output of the Dutch dairy sector, for example, this would be equivalent to a carbon emission reduction of 574,004 tonnes of CO2-eq. Such a carbon saving represents 10 percent of the entire reduction target for agriculture and land use sectors required by the Dutch government by 2030.”
Use of Optigen partially replaced approximately 21 percent of soybean meal across all diets. Dry matter intake (DMI), protein intake and nitrogen intake decreased through space “saving” in the diet. Milk yield increased, and feed efficiency was improved by 3 percent in Optigen diets. “Nitrogen utilization efficiency in dairy cows increased by 4 percent thanks to improved nitrogen capture in the rumen. This translates to a reduction of the manure nitrogen excretion by 12 to 13 g of nitrogen/cow/day”, according to Salami.
“This data suggests, for example, that the use of Optigen could reduce the annual manure nitrogen excretion from Germany’s dairy sector by an average of 17,028 tonnes of nitrogen based on the annual milk output.” The environmental benefits Optigen brings are through the substitution of soybean and other high protein concentrates in combination with improved production efficiency.
The meta-analysis highlighted how the partial replacement of vegetable protein with Optigen exhibited a consistent improvement in the liveweight gains and feed efficiency of beef cattle. “This resulted in a decrease of the carbon footprint of the beef unit by 111.5 tonnes of CO2-eq, contributing to a nearly 2.2 percent reduction in the carbon footprint of beef production.”
“Vegetable protein sources are volatile; they fluctuate in price and their nutritional composition is incredibly variable. Optigen is the opposite and provides consistency in the rumen-degradable protein supply that is critical for rumen function,” said Dr. Vaughn Holder, ruminant research group director at Alltech.
“These new meta-analyses on both beef and dairy animals show the depth of our research in both areas, as well as the versatility of the product across dietary raw materials and global geographies. These studies reaffirm that feeding Optigen offers unique economic and environmental benefits to dairy and beef production and positively impacts our food supply chain.”